Johannes Charlier, DVM, PhD, Dip. EVPC
Johannes Charlier works as a senior researcher in the Laboratory of Parasitology (Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University). His research focuses on the diagnosis, epidemiology and economics of helminth infections in cattle. He acquired international expertise by his role in the EU-funded projects PARASOL and GLOWORM. His research led to the development of 2 ELISA kits that assess the exposure of dairy cattle to gastrointestinal nematodes and liver fluke and estimate the impact of these infections on animal productivity. Johannes is founder of ParaCalc?, an open-access web-platform where researchers on parasitic diseases of livestock can translate their models to tools of use to veterinarians and extension workers. Currently, he works in a collaborative network with agricultural economists and social scientists with the aim to integrate helminth control in a whole-farm economic framework and to translate the gained knowledge in communicative advices and decision support tools.
He is section editor of the journal BMC Veterinary Research, section Parasitology and project manager of DISCONTOOLS, a European project to prioritize animal health research towards the development of novel diagnostics, vaccines and pharmaceuticals.
Johannes Charlier1,* , Fiona Vande Velde1,2, Mariska van der Voort3, Jef Van Meensel3, Ludwig Lauwers3,4, Verolien Cauberghe2, Jozef Vercruysse1, Edwin Claerebout1
* Corresponding author: Tel.: +32 9 264 74 00; Fax: +32 9 264 74 96.
E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org (J. Charlier).
Livestock farming is central to global food security and to the sustainability of rural communities throughout Europe. Animal health management has a major impact on farming efficiency. Although animal health research has provided effective prevention strategies for the major enzootic diseases of livestock, these strategies typically provide solutions for single infectious diseases and they are often not adequately implemented due to farm-specific constraints. We propose a concept termed “ECONOHEALTH” which aims at including the economic and social context in our understanding of the factors that drive animal health. The concept is elaborated on using the example of the major helminthic diseases of cattle in temperate climate regions (gastrointestinal nematodes, liver fluke and lungworm). By considering major diseases simultaneously and placing disease-complexes in an economic and a social context, we believe that insights will be generated upon which more integrated, situation-adapted and thus more effective prevention strategies can be devised.
Keywords: helminth, livestock, Fasciola hepatica, Nematodes, farmer behaviour, economics of animal health, social context